Like to hear some of the old songs? Click here.

Roofless Factories and

Roofless Classrooms

Until 1960, Koreans could not develop their broadcasting culture, and they could have only news and limited cultural programs. They had two-hour broadcasting hours in the morning, one-hour news program from the 12:00 noon to 1.00 PM. Their evening broadcasting program lasted from 5:00 PM to 11.00 PM. They had to relay the Korean-language program the Voice of Ameria for 30 miniutes every evening.

Why was I so intensely interested in Japan?

During the Pacific War (1941-45), the B-29 bombers of the US AirForce completely destroyed Japanese cities and Japanese factories. They also destroyed Japanese Kokoro (Hearts and Minds). Yukawa's Nobel Prize started lifting up their Kokoro.

Let us hear some of the old Japanese songs which may still be popular among old Koreans.


What happened before 1954?

I left Korea for the United States in 1954, before Koreans started developing their own songs. Since Koreans are song-hungry people, they had to rely on radio signals from Japan for Japanese songs particularly during the years of the Korean war (1950-53). During the war years, Korea's cultural center was the south-eastern port city of Busan, very close to Japan. From there, Koreans picked up Japanese radio signals and enjoyed their songs.

Let me talk about the Japanese songs I used to hear during the war years.

The AFKN (Armed Forces Korea Network)