Roofless Factories and

Roofless Classrooms

Until 1960, Koreans could not develop their broadcasting culture, and they could have only news and limited cultural programs. They had two-hour broadcasting hours in the morning, one-hour news program from the 12:00 noon to 1.00 PM. Their evening broadcasting program lasted from 5:00 PM to 11.00 PM. They had to relay the Korean-language program the Voice of Ameria for 30 miniutes every evening.

Why was I so intensely interested in Japan?

During the Pacific War (1941-45), the B-29 bombers of the US AirForce completely destroyed Japanese cities and Japanese factories. They also destroyed Japanese Kokoro (Hearts and Minds). Yukawa's Nobel Prize started lifting up their Kokoro.

Let us hear some of the old Japanese songs which may still be popular among old Koreans.

The AFKN (Armed Forces Korea Network)

copyright@2022 by Y. S. Kim, unless otherwise specified.