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Rome

There are many conferences held in Italy during the summer. Even though those meetings are held in other cities of Italy, you are tempted to spend time in Rome, because of the city's historical significance. Let us see some photos from Rome.

Termini and Its Vicinity


  • Two thousand years ago, all roads led to Rome. These days, all roads lead to the Roma Termini. The Termini is a great city! Let us look at some photos.

    1. Termini. Southern Entrance to the Termini Building.
    2. West-side Annex to the Termini for shops and restaurants.
    3. Public Telephones. Italians still seem to be using public telephones. There are of course many foreign visitors whose cell phones do not work in Italy.
    4. Green Power Advocates. How do I look as one of them?
    5. Ticket Windows, as most neglected places.
    6. Fast Food Place. There are many places for fast food. This is one of the Roman-style places.
    7. Macdonald's. American institution.
    8. Complicated Geography. You can get lost very easily.
    9. Roman Ruins in the basement.
    10. One of the Gift Shops. with artistic decorations.
    11. Italian Trains with artistic decorations.
    12. Hotel District on the west side of the Termini.


  • Piazza della Repubblica is one block west of the Termini. Like all Roman plazas, this area is centered around a fountain, and surrounded by buildings of historical significance.
    1. On the west side of the fountain, there are two circularly curved buildings. The narrow separation leads to via Nazionale leading to the monument of Victor Emanuel II. Those buildings thus could have been used for government offices in the past. These days, they are mostly for luxury hotels, like this.
    2. On the east side, the buildings are somewhat humble looking. There used to the Great Roman Bath House accommodating 5,0000 people. Some of the walls are still standing, and facing the plaza.
    3. Some pizza cafes are on the ground floor of one of the curved buildings.
    4. MacDonald's has its own class throughout Europe.
    5. Graphic artists are also in the Plaza area.

    6. On the east side of the Plaza, there is a church built into the Roman bath house.

  • Basilica Santa Maria degeli Angeli e dei Martiri is built into the Roman bath house on the eastern ring of the Piazza Repubblica. This church has its history.



    This bath house, constructed by Emperor Caracalla (211-2173), was capable of accommodating 5,000 people simultaneously. It was a great gathering place for those Roman citizens. Perhaps, it was like a resort beach.

    1. Entrance to the Basilica carved into the Roman wall (from the ruins of the Roman bath house).
    2. Inside the Basilica (from the public domain).
    3. Main altar of the Basilica.
    4. One of the side altars.
    5. Another side altar.
    6. Church organ next to an elegant painting.
    7. Modern sculpture surrounded by Roman walls.

    8. Model of Galileo's pendulum inside the Basilica.
    9. Statue of Galileo in the backyard. This statue was designed by Tsung-Dao Lee of Columbia University. He shared the 1957 Nobel prize in physics with C. N. Yang. Click here for more about T. D. Lee.

    10. It was an honor for me to have photo with T. D. Lee's Galileo in Rome.
    11. In 1623, Galileo was found guilty for his theory not consistent with the church doctrine. He is now called a "Divine Man" in this church.

      The Galileo story has been inspirational to me from my childhood. I received two death sentences (ordering me not to do physics) in the past. I received my first death sentence in 1966 for publishing a paper not consistent with the physics establishments at that time. Click here for a detailed story.
      I received my second death sentence in 1983. I am not ready to tell the full story yet, but I may in the future. The point is that those who punished me are now gone from the physics.

    12. The construction of this Galileo statue was apparently financed by the Chinese Academy of Sciences.


  • Roman National Museum is near the north-west corner of the Termini. This museum is built on the site of the Roman bath place for upper-class Romans. There are of course many things to see inside, but photo-taking is not allowed. There are also many things to see on the out-side ground.
    1. Entrance the Museum Building.
    2. Roman Garden with Roman pillars.
    3. One of the Walls of the Roman Bath House.
    4. Some of the Statues. Only ruined statues are outside. All good statues are inside. You have to pay an admission fee to see them.
    5. Roman Tomb Stones.

    6. Esso Gas Station near the Museum. There used to be many Esso gas stations in the United States, but they all became Exxon stations in 1965. The Esso sign is a great museum piece for the visitors from America.
    7. Italian Trash Cans are stylish and artistic to those from the United States. They are also museum pieces.
    8. The point is that the entire city of Rome is a great museum. Rome is a great history class.


  • Teatro dell'Opera di Roma is also within a walking distance from the Termini.
    1. Front view of the Theatre. The appearance of this box-like house is somewhat disappointing. This building does not reflect the fact that Italians invented both opera and architecture.
    2. Another View of the Theatre.
    3. The main lobby before the performance.
    4. Pietro Mascani's plaque was on the wall of the main lobby.
    5. Prokofiev's Romeo was on the program. I did not buy the ticket, because I saw this ballet twice before in Russia. Once in Kazan (1999) and once at the Mariinsky Theatre in Saint Petersburg (2010).
    6. Members of the Opera orchestra were having a relaxing moment before the performance, and I was talking to them. I told them I saw the same ballet at St. Petersburg's Mariinsky theatre in 2010. They told me not to brag too much. They were going to St. Petersburg after their performance in Rome. It is always a pleasure for me to talk to musicians.

Sapienza University of Rome

Colosseum and its Vicinity

Must-Visit Places and Interesting People in Rome

Vatican City

Constantine and Ponte Milvio

    Constantine (above) and Maxentius from Wikipedia.
  • Ponte Milvio. is a bridge across the Tiber River 30 kilometers north of the Vatican City. I went there in October of 2010 to take some photos. Why did I go there?

    I have a strong Christian background, and I try to identify myself with a Bible character whenever I am in trouble. For instance, I identify myself with Nicodemus when I had an audience with P. A. M Dirac. In so doing, I developed my way of believing in Jesus: translate miracles in the Bible into what happened in the real world. I believe in Jesus in the way I do physics.

  • In modern democracy, the government should be totally separated from religion. However, it is not a simple matter. Indeed, Emperor Constantine proclaimed the Edict of Milan in 313 AD, and Christianity became the state religion of the Roman Empire. Many people regard this as the most important Christian event only next to the birth of Jesus in 4 or 0 BC and Apostle Paul's journeys.

    Church ministers usually say that the Edict of Milan was a miracle created by God, but one of my clergy friends told me Constantine ascended to his throne with the political support from Christians. This made sense to me, because becoming the head of state is a political issue. Then I assumed that Constantine became the Emperor through a peaceful process, because I still believe Christianity is a religion for peace.

    In June of 2010, Professor Luigi Accardi told me there was a bloody battle between Constantine's Christian group and his rival faction headed by Maxentius at a bridge across the Tiber River north of Rome. He said his house is two blocks away from the bridge. Four months later in October, I went there to take photos. Let us see some of those photos.


  • The Bridge viewed from the south. The original bridge was built 500 years before Constantine, and it was rebuilt several times even after Constantine. The Tiber River remained the same.
    1. Another view of the Ponte Milvio. The structure appears to be about 200 years old. There should be the exact date of this reconstruction, but I do not have enough information.
    2. The Bridge with its entrance tower.
    3. The Bridge hidden by leaves.

    4. The Bridge Tower at the western entrance.
    5. East-side Entrance Tower and the surface of the Bridge seen from the west.

    6. Modern Bridge north of the Ponte Milvio. This photo was taken from the Ponte Milvio. The photo shows a perfect reflection. The Tiber River is beautiful!
    7. One of the Sculptures next to the Bridge tower.
    8. Locks left by tourists. Some tourists leave locks with their names on the Bridge. Their idea is that their names will stay there as long as the Bridge stays alive.
    9. Resting Place at the entrance to the Bridge.

  • Perhaps you knew all these, and I am telling you nothing new. However, you will still like my way of learning. Go there and look at the real thing. I follow the ethics of physics.

  • My photo with Luigi Accardi. Prof. Accardi lives two blocks away from the Bridge in a quiet residential suburb of Rome. This photo was taken while we both were attending a conference held in Minsk (2002).
    1. The Milvio Town Center on the west bank of the River.
    2. Up-scale Condo Buildings. The town of Milvio is a residential suburb of Rome.
    3. Photo with Italian Students. The town of Milvio has a number of trendy cafes. While I was having a lunch at one of them, I met these Italian students enjoying their Saturday afternoon. Wherever I go, I talk with students and have photos. These students seem to enjoy cigarettes.