Victor Hugo had two mothers.

Two hundred twenty years ago, there used to be a prison called "Bastille" in Paris. These days, there is a square called "La Bastille" at the same location, with a metro station. Every year on July 14, there is an all-night rock concert. I once participated in this exciting event.

Victor Hugo was born in Besancon about 200 km south-east of Paris. His mother's name was Sophi Trebuchet. There is his statue is in the center of the city. In May of 2005, I met a French poet/journalist named Geraldine Gruen there and had a photo with her. She was kind enough to send me the following e-mail.

copyright@2006 by Y. S. Kim, unless otherwise specified.