If I sing Einstein, who will listen?




    1. I am saying I filled up an empty spot Einstein left for younger generations, when he formulated his theory of relativity which leads to E = mc2 in 1905.

      Click here for the empty spot.

    2. Einstein was as old as my grandfather. I am saying I filled up the spot in question, with the mathematics I learned during my high-school years in Korea (1951-54). The Korean War lasted from 1950 to 1953.
      Click here for the mathematics.

    3. Click here for my Einstein Magazine.

They will listen to me if I were his grandson, but I am not.

  • In order to let people pay attention to my Einstein stories, it is essential to establish a genealogical connection with Einstein. In my case, my Princeton background is a good starting point. However, my Princeton PhD thesis had nothing to do with Einstein.

      Eugene Paul Wigner (Nobel 1963). Photo from the Reviews of Modern Physics (1962).
    While I was a student there, Eugene Paul Wigner (Nobel 1963) was totally isolated from the rest of the physics department, and my professors routinely said "Wigner is gone."

  • However, I sensed something wrong with this environment. Wigner was isolated because nobody there was able to tell him the story he wanted to hear. I sensed this from a story from Korea's recent history. Click here for this interesting story.

  • While I was at Princeton, I became interested in his paper published in 1939, having to do with internal space-time symmetries. What does "internal" mean? Click here.

    Wigner received his Nobel prize in 1963, but the prize was not for his 1939 paper. Wigner was not happy with this aspect. The best way for me to approach Wigner was to tell him that his 1939 paper alone deserves one full Nobel prize. The only way to tell this story was to show that this paper could be regarded as an extension of Einstein's theory of relativity.

  • In 1986, I went to Princeton to show him the following table.

    Einstein's Genealogy

    Massive/Slow between Massless/Fast
    Energy
    Momentum
    E = p2/2m Einstein's
    E=(m2 + p2)1/2
    E = cp
    Helicity
    Spin, Gauge
    S3
    S1 S2
    Winner's
    1939 paper
    Helicity
    Gauge Trans.

    This table was contained in the earlier papers I published with my younger colleagues. According to this table, Einstein told us how to go from E = p2/2m for massive particles to

    E = cp for massless particles.

    This aspect is widely known as Einstein's E = mc2 .

    I told Wigner that his 1939 paper, together with his group contraction technique, tells us how to go from S1, S2, S3 to Helicity and Gauge Transformation. Wigner became very happy to hear my story.

  • This table clearly defines Wigner's coordinate in Einstein's genealogy. This was precisely the story Wigner wanted to hear, and he asked me to publish new papers with him. Click here again for an interesting story.

    After publishing a umber of papers with him, I became known as Wigner's youngest student at Princeton. I then became strong enough to publish a paper in 1989 in Physical Review Letters (known as the most prestigious journal in physics). This paper contains the following table.

    Einstein's World

    Massive/Slow between Massless/Fast
    Energy
    Momentum
    E = p2/2m Einstein's
    E=(m2 + p2)1/2
    E = cp
    Helicity
    Spin & Gauge
    S3
    S1 S2
    Wigner's
    Little Group
    Helicity
    Gauge Trans.
    Hadrons,
    Bound States
    Gell-Mann's
    Quark Model
    One Lorentz-
    Covariant Entity
    Feynman's
    Parton Picture

    The blue row in this table is based on the earlier papers I published with Marilyn Noz. Click here for further details about this table.

    Accroding to this table, I am allowed to construct Einstein's Princeton genealogy given here:

    With this genealogy, I am strong enough

    to talk about Einstein.

    You should listen to me.