Computer Chronology
Everybody comes to this world with ten fingers.
Those fingers are the most valuable computers.
Can you operate your PC or laptop without your
fingers? This lady knows how valuable they are.
Some years ago, Chinese invented sophisticated fingers
that can deal with numbers greater than ten. This is the
Russian variation of the abacus. I obtained this computer
while I was in Moscow in 1991.
About 150 years ago, French artillery men invented this
computer which can perform multiplication by addition. I still
use the smaller (pocket sized) slide rule when I go to restaurants
with my friends. I have to add 15percent tip to the total bill
(multiply by 1.15) and divide it by the number of people.
This is a vacuumtube circuit. I used to like vacuum tubes
when I was a highschool student, and I was able to write an
article about
Marconi and Sarnoff three months
ago.
Indeed, in the 1940s, John von Neumann observed those tubes can
perform "Yes or No" logic. We all know what happened since then.
For the history of electronic computers, you may visit
http://www.cs.iastate.edu.
Richard Feynman was intensely interested in communicating with
the nature. He was of course interested in the language of
quantum mechanics.
Sooner or later, we are going to construct marketable quantum computers.
Click here for future computers.

John von Neumann (1903  1957)
 Fuld Hall,
at the Institute for Advanced Study (Princeton). John von Neumann's
office was in this building, so was Einstein's office.
 von Neumann in his home living room,
photograph by Alan Richards hanging in Fuld Hall, courtesy
of the Archives of the Institute of Advanced Study.

von Neumann Papers in the Library of Congress.

Biography
from http://ei.cs.vt.edu/~history/VonNeumann.html.

Biography
from http://wwwgap.dcs.stand.ac.uk/~history
/Mathematicians/Von_Neumann.html.
Courtesy of Budapesti Evangelikus Gimnazium

Budapest,
von Neumann's High School in Budapest. In addition to von Neumann,
this high school produced two Nobel laureates. Do you know who they
are?
 Young Mathematician,
from a Hungarian publication. Date of this photo unknown.
 First Computer Image
of John von Neumann.
Courtesy of the Archives of the Institute for Advanced Study
(Princeton)
The following photos are copyrighted by the Institute for Advanced Study,
and they were photographed by Alan Richards unless otherwise specified.
For copyright information, visit
http://www.admin.ias.edu/hslib/archives.htm.
 Portrait of John von Neumann
(photographer unknown).
 Portrait of John von Neumann
(photographer unknown).
 von Neumann in front of fireplace
 Kari (John's wife), Inverse (dog)
and von Neumann on couch
 von Neumann standing in front of the
Institute computer
 J. Robert Oppenheimer and von Neumann
in front of the Institute computer
 Left to right: James Pomerence,
Julian Bigelow, von Neumann and Herman Goldstine
 Staff of the Electronic Computer Project
 Left to right: unknown, unknown,
Gerald Estrin, unknown, J. Robert Oppenheimer, unknown, Julian Bigelow,
Norman Emslie, James Pomerence, hewitt Crane, and von Neumann
 Left to right: Julian Bigelow,
Herman Goldstine, J. Robert Oppenheimer, and von Neumann
 von Neumann and guests looking at the
Institute computer
 The Institute computer
 von Neumann, Julian Bigelow, James
Pomerence, and Herman Goldstine
 von Neumann and Oppenheimer
